Trove API Console

Explore the workings of the Trove API

Enter an API query to view the results (no key required), or start with one of the examples below.

          {"article":{"id":"41697877","url":"\/newspaper\/41697877","heading":"WRAGGE AND WEATHER CYCLES.","category":"Article","title":{"id":"101","value":"Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954)"},"date":"1922-11-23","page":4,"pageSequence":4,"troveUrl":"http:\/\/trove.nla.gov.au\/ndp\/del\/article\/41697877","illustrated":"N","wordCount":1054,"correctionCount":1,"listCount":0,"tagCount":0,"commentCount":0,"lastCorrection":{"by":"*anon*","lastupdated":"2016-09-12T07:08:57Z"},"identifier":"http:\/\/nla.gov.au\/nla.news-article41697877","trovePageUrl":"http:\/\/trove.nla.gov.au\/ndp\/del\/page\/3522839","pdf":"http:\/\/trove.nla.gov.au\/ndp\/imageservice\/nla.news-page3522839\/print","articleText":"<p><span>  WRAGGE  ÁNP  WEATHER  CYCLES.<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  \"W.E.H.,\"  Kendenup,  writes:-Your<\/span><span>    interesting  article  in  last    \"Mail\"  re<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  Clement  Wragge  and  forecasts,  is<\/span><span>  much  to  the  point.  I  once  heard<\/span><span>    him  lecture,  he  seemed  very  eccen<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  tric,  but  there  was  a  strain  of  com-<\/span><span>  mon  sense  running  through  his  lec-<\/span><span>  ture,  as  he  continually  reminded<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  his  hearers  that  they  should  con-<\/span><span>    serve  water  for  dry  periods,  and<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  concluded  his  address  with  the<\/span><span>  words,  \"Dam!  Dam!!  Dam!!!<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  Some  years  ago  I  read  an  article  on<\/span><span>    weather  records  for,  I  think,  New<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  South  Wales.  The  writer  had  an-<\/span><span>  alysed  the  records  as  far  back  as<\/span><span>  they  went,  and  his  conclusions  were<\/span><span>  that  all  years  ending  in  2  and  8<\/span><span>  were  more  or  less  dry.  .  My  'own<\/span><span>  experience  goes  back  lo    1888,  and<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  1  can  corroborate  his  statement.  ln<\/span><span>  '88  1  was  on  the  Darling,  and  we<\/span><span>  had  1  inch  and  4  points  of  rain  for<\/span><span>    the  year;  '92  was  dry,  '98  dry,  1902<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  dry,  1908  dry;    I  don't  remember<\/span><span>  about  1912.  but  1918  was  dry,  and<\/span><span>  1922  is  a  disastrous  year  in  parts<\/span><span>  of  New  South  Wales  and  Queens-<\/span><span>  land.  Can  you  tell  us  how  West-<\/span><span>  ern  Australian  records  compare<\/span><span>  with  those  dates?  lt  would  be  in-<\/span><span>  teresting  to  know.<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  The  above  letter  is  very  Interesting,<\/span><span>  and  I  am  pleased  to  see  that  \"W.E.H.\"<\/span><span>  supports  me,  and  emphasises  the  point<\/span><span>  I  desired  to  impress  upon  readers,  viz.,<\/span><span>  while  it  would  be  very  foolish  for  a<\/span><span>  farmer  to  try  and  farm  according  to  the<\/span><span>  predictions  of  Mr.  Wragge,  all  will  be<\/span><span>  acting  wisely  by  attending  to  his  sound<\/span><span>  advice  in  regard  to  thc  conservation  of<\/span><span>  fodder  and  moisture.  The  wise  man<\/span><span>  many,  many  centuries  ago  said  in  effect:<\/span><span>  **He  that,  observeth  the  wind  shall  not<\/span><span>  sow.  and  he  that  regardeth  the  clouds<\/span><span>  shall  not  reap''  (Eccles.  11,  iv.).  He  that<\/span><span>  regardeth.  Mr.  Wragge's  prediction  will<\/span><span>  be  in  a  simliar  position;  but  he  that<\/span><span>  regardeth  his  advice  to  Dam!  Dam!'.<\/span><span>  Dam!!.!  and  to  conserve  fodder  will  sow<\/span><span>  and  reap  consistently  year  by  year,  in<\/span><span>  average  years,  and  will  not  fear  an  oc-<\/span><span>  casional  dry  season.<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  About  Cycles.<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  Wi  til  regard  to  the  years  ending  in  2<\/span><span>  and  8,  I  have  looked  .up  tho  records  since<\/span><span>  1878  for  Perth,  arid  for  Northampton<\/span><span>  since  1S82.  There  is  nothing  in  the<\/span><span>  records  to  indicate  that,  any  such  rule  as<\/span><span>  that  mentioned  by  \"W.E.H.\"  will  hold.<\/span><span>  The  years  ending  in  2  und  S  do  not  iu<\/span><span>  1  elude  any  of  the  bad  years.  Taking<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  Perth,  three  ol'  tho  years  are  consider-<\/span><span>  ably  over  the  average,  and  six  are<\/span><span>  slightly  under,  but  they  aro  not  bad<\/span><span>  years.  The  same  general  remark<\/span><span>  holds  with  regard  to  Northampton.<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  I  may  herc  mention  that  when  1  lived<\/span><span>  in  Adelaide.  I  very  frequently  met  my<\/span><span>  friend  Mr.  Griffiths,  the  State  Meteorolo-<\/span><span>  gist,  who  was  afterwards  the  Chief  of<\/span><span>  Staff  at  the  Federal  Weather  Bureau.<\/span><span>  At  one  time  Mr.  Bussell,  astronomer<\/span><span>  in  charge'  of  the  'Sydney  Observatory,<\/span><span>  published  a  paper  hi  whick  he  en-<\/span><span>  deavoured  to  show  that,  the  W'cather  of<\/span><span>  Now  South  Wales  was  dominated  by  a<\/span><span>  cycle  of,  1  think,  13  years.  Mr.  Grif-<\/span><span>  fiths  occupied  his  snare  time  for  a  con-<\/span><span>  siderable  period  tabulating  tho  rainfall<\/span><span>  figures-  for  South  Australia,  which  ex-<\/span><span>  tend  over  a  greater  period  than  auy  ot<\/span><span>  the  other  States.  He  arranged  them<\/span><span>  in  every  manner  ho  could  think  of,  but<\/span><span>  no  arrangement  indicated  the  existence<\/span><span>  of  a  definite  cyclo.  1  remember  his<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  saying  very  distinctly;  \"Thc  figures  given<\/span><span>  toy  Sir.  Russell  seem  to  be  conclusive,\"<\/span><span>  but  if  other  sets  of  stations  in  New<\/span><span>  South  Wales  be  taken,  different  results<\/span><span>  would  be  suggested,  and  it  looks  very<\/span><span>  much  as  though  Mr.  Russell  had  follow-<\/span><span>  ed  a  common  practice  of  forming  a<\/span><span>  theory  and  then  looking  for  records<\/span><span>  which  would  support  it.\"  With  regard<\/span><span>  to  Knuth  Australia,  Mr.  Griffiths  could<\/span><span>  obtain  no  evidence  of  the  existence  of<\/span><span>  a  definite  cycle,  either  -  of  7  years,  13<\/span><span>  years,  or  any  other  period.<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  I  have  on  my  shelves  a  book  called<\/span><span>  Egerson's  \"Weather  System  .  of  Sun<\/span><span>  '  Spot  Causality.\"  Mr.  Egerson  was  a<\/span><span>  member  of  the  staff  of  thc  Sydney  Ob-<\/span><span>  servatory,  and  endeavoured  to  show  how<\/span><span>  forecasting  may  be  done  for  periods  of.<\/span><span>  a  week,  for  several  months,  fer  a  few<\/span><span>  years,  and  for  a  series  of  years  iu  ad-<\/span><span>  vance,  and  he  speaks  of  cycles.  1  will<\/span><span>  not,  however,  go  further  into  this  mitt-<\/span><span>  ler  now  than  to  say  that,  while  looking<\/span><span>  at  (he  subject  from  an  unbiassed  point<\/span><span>  !  of  view,  I  have  come  to  the  conclusion<\/span><span>  j  that  no  one  has  definitely  proved  the  cx<\/span><span>  .  istence  of  any  definite  cycle.  At  the<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  same  time,  there  may  be,  and  probably<\/span><span>  is,  a  general  periodicity  in  regard  to  the<\/span><span>  seasons,  but  the  periods  arc  more  or<\/span><span>  less  irregular,  and  our  evidence  at  pre-<\/span><span>  sent  does  not  enable  us  to  go  further<\/span><span>  than  to  speak  in  very  general  terms.<\/span><span>  We  are  perfectly  safe  in  concluding<\/span><span>  that  after  a  scries  of  good  years  we  aro<\/span><span>  sure  to  get  some  bad  ones,  and  after<\/span><span>  the  bad  years  wc  are.  sure  to  get  good<\/span><span>  ones.  Tuuo  we  como  back  again  to  thc  one<\/span><span>  safe  rule  for  tho.  farmer,  that  he  should<\/span><span>  curry  on  his  work  for  average  condi-<\/span><span>  tions,  and  thou  lie  will  get  average,  re-<\/span><span>  sults.  If  ho  conserves  water  and  fod-<\/span><span>  der  ¡ti  (he  good  periods  he  will  havc_  a<\/span><span>  reserve  for  the  dry  periods,  and,  like<\/span><span>  Joseph,  ho  will  be  able  to  sell  his  re-<\/span><span>  serves  lo  his  loss,  thrifty  neighbours.<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  Fruit  '  Prices.<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  I  duly  received  (he  clipping  about-the<\/span><span>  orange  prices.  I  do  not  think  that  you<\/span><span>  should  attach  very  much  importance  to<\/span><span>  the  article  you  sent.  As  a  matter  of<\/span><span>  fact,  experience  in  different  markets  and<\/span><span>  different  places  contradict  ono  another<\/span><span>  very  considerably.  It  is  .only  a  little<\/span><span>  while  ago  that  1  read  aa  article  urging<\/span><span>  that  people  should  grow  Valencias,  be-<\/span><span>  cause  certain  shipments  of  those  had<\/span><span>  realised  higher  prices  than  Navels.<\/span><span>  Sometimos  it  is  one  way  and  sometimes<\/span><span>  tho  other.  With  regard  to  the  brown<\/span><span>  heart  in  the  apple.  1  think  the  trouble<\/span><span>  I  has  boen  duo  to  want  of  cave  on  the<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  part  of  tho  ship  engineers,  and  I  am  iu<\/span><span>  1  dined  to  think  (hat  the  trouble  xviii  be<\/span><\/p> <p><span>  largely  overcome  next  year.<\/span><\/p> "}}
        

Examples

Click on any of the examples below to open them in this console. If you want to use them in your own code you'll need to get an API key and add '&key=[Your API key]' to the url.

See the Trove API documentation for a full list of available parameters and detailed information on constructing queries.

Search everything

Parameters url
  • zone: all
  • q (query): wragge
  • encoding: xml (default)
  • n (number of results): 20 (default)
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=wragge&zone=all
  • zone: all
  • q (query): wragge
  • encoding: json
  • n (number of results): 50
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=wragge&zone=all&encoding=json&n=50
  • zone: all
  • q (query): nuc:ANL (contributor id)
  • encoding: json
  • n (number of results): 50
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=nuc:ANL&zone=all&encoding=json
  • zone: all
  • q (query): wragge
  • encoding: json
  • n (number of results): 20 (default)
  • l-australian: y (in Australia or by Australians)
  • l-availability: y/f (freely accessible online)
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=wragge&zone=all&encoding=json&l-australia=y&l-availability=y/f

Search newspapers

Parameters url
  • zone: newspaper
  • q (query): wragge AND weather
  • encoding: json
  • n (number of results): 20 (default)
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=wragge+AND+weather&zone=newspaper&encoding=json
  • zone: newspaper
  • q (query): wragge AND weather
  • encoding: json
  • l-year: 1903
  • l-category: Article
  • n (number of results): 20 (default)
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=wragge AND weather&zone=newspaper&encoding=json&l-year=1903
  • zone: newspaper
  • q (query): wragge AND weather
  • encoding: json
  • l-decade: 190
  • facet: year
  • n (number of results): 0
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=wragge AND weather&zone=newspaper&encoding=json&l-decade=190&facet=year&n=0

Search other zones

Parameters url
  • zone: book,picture
  • q (query): wragge AND weather
  • encoding: json
  • n (number of results): 20 (default)
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=wragge AND weather&zone=book,picture&encoding=json
  • zone: book
  • q (query): weather
  • encoding: json
  • l-format: Thesis
  • n (number of results): 20 (default)
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=weather&zone=book&encoding=json&l-format=Thesis
  • zone: book
  • q (query): weather
  • encoding: json
  • facet: format
  • n (number of results): 0
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=weather&zone=book&encoding=json&facet=format&n=0
  • zone: list
  • q (query): war memorials
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/result?q=war memorials&zone=list&encoding=json

Get record

Parameters url
  • type: newspaper
  • article id: 41697877
  • reclevel: full
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/41697877?encoding=json&reclevel=full
  • type: newspaper
  • article id: 146871507
  • reclevel: full
  • include: articletext
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/41697877?reclevel=full&include=articletext
  • type: work
  • article id: 36904481
  • reclevel: full
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/work/36904481?encoding=json&reclevel=full
  • type: work
  • article id: 34769014
  • reclevel: full
  • include: workVersions,holdings
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/work/34769014?encoding=json&include=workVersions,holdings&reclevel=full
  • type: list
  • list id: 1442
  • reclevel: full
  • include: listItems
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/list/1442?encoding=json&reclevel=full&include=listItems

List/get newspaper titles

Parameters url
  • state: vic
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/titles?state=vic
  • title id: 35
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/title/35?encoding=json
  • title id: 35
  • include: years
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/title/35?encoding=json&include=years

List/get Trove contributors

Parameters url
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/contributor?encoding=json
  • NUC identifier: ANL
  • reclevel: full
  • encoding: json
http://api.trove.nla.gov.au/contributor/ANL?encoding=json&reclevel=full